Mali (i/ˈmɑːli/; French:[maˈli]), officially the Republic of Mali (French:République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres (480,000sqmi). The population of Mali is 14.5million. Its capital is Bamako. Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara Desert, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economy centers on agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in the African continent, and salt. About half the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 (U.S.) a day. A majority of the population (55%) are non-denominational Muslims.
Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. During its golden age, there was a flourishing of mathematics, astronomy, literature, and art. At its peak in 1300, the Mali Empire covered an area about twice the size of modern-day France and stretched to the west coast of Africa. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a coup in 1991 led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.
T. R. Mahalingam, better known by his pen-name Mali, was an illustrator and cartoonist from Tamil Nadu, India, in the pre-independence era. He was the Tamil Press's first caricaturists, according to Chennai historian S. Muthiah in The Hindu. Muthiah has written elsewhere that Mali did as much with his strokes for Vikatan as its celebrated editor Kalki Krishnamurthy did with his words.
Mali published his drawings in the Indian Express in the 1930s, and first made his name at the Free Press Journal 'before being immortalised in the pages of Ananda Vikatan, the first popular Tamil periodical'. He also did cartoons for the Vikatan group's English-language Merry Magazine, where he became the editor in 1935. He is said to have left the editorial nitty-gritty to his assistant editor, while continuing to illustrate such humorous serials as 'Private Joyful in Madras' (The magazine shut down in c. 1935 or 1936).
While it was the writer and poet Subramanya Bharathi who first introduced cartoons to Tamil journalism, it was Ananda Vikatan that made them truly popular. As cartoonist and senior artist at Ananda Vikatan, Mali was thus a key influence on a second generation of cartoonists. Gopulu and Silpi were illustrators he mentored at Vikatan.
Visitors watch the elephant named "Mali" inside an enclosure at Manila zoo in 2013 ... Mali, a beloved elephant at Manila Zoo in the Philippines, has died after spending over four decades alone in a dilapidated pen ... Critics of Mali's treatment pointed to the conditions at Manila Zoo, citing Mali's solitary existence and the lack of proper medical care.
Other recipients included an Army Ranger Wing team which helped save the lives of their German counterparts following a suicide bomb in Mali, a sergeant major who continued to guide projects while undergoing severe medical treatment and two brothers who honoured the memory of ...
... medical oxygen access across sub-Saharan Africa ... ALIMA works with ministries of health in Mali, Niger, Guinea, Sudan, and Burkina Faso to improve sustainable access to medical oxygen across urban and remote areas, implementing programs that target barriers to effective treatment.
photo: Public Domain / USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
In Mali we are working with the medical regulatory agency and the pharmaceutical sector to simplify and digitise approval processes and cut processing times from two years to three months. Not only will it bring more investment to Mali’s pharmaceutical sector, it will provide its residents with access to vital vaccines and life-saving drugs.
... be used to help his parents’ impoverished village in Mali ... Dembele, who spent two years at Celtic, previously paid £180,000 out of his own money to build a medical centre in the Kobri village in Mali, where his parents live, three years ago.
Many have to survive on the streets in the meantime, with only the support of humanitarian organizations and volunteers who provide them with food, water, clothing, and medical assistance. �tienne crossed Mali, Algeria, and then Tunisia.
Speaking about the ICRC's efforts in Mali, Mugangavari mentioned the organization's support of hospitals in the regions of Gao and Mopti, as well as of reference health centers in the communes of Kidal and Menaka, where the committee has permanent medical and surgical teams.
They had built and then operated a medical clinic in the northern town of Djibo since 1972... “I’d only seen one case of [scurvy] in my medical career and that was me,” Elliott said ... The Elliotts are widely known in the remote sub-Saharan area they worked in near the Mali border, given there are very few medical services.
But they missed out the letter i, and so the messages went instead to the West African nation of Mali... The mistake, they said, involved only a small number of emails being sent to Mali, whose email domain is ".ml" ... also been sent to Mali, because of the same typing error.
Despite repeated warnings over a decade by the Amsterdam-based MaliDili, contracted to manage email accounts of the West African state, traffic from the US military continued to find its way to the .ml domain, the country identifier of Mali ... The Mali authorities, as of July 25, should have assumed control of the domain.
So can your job track what you are doing on your phone, including how much time you are or aren’t devoting to your work? ... (John Thys, PoolPhoto via AP, File) Can my employer track my phone? ... Bossware ... 24, 2021 ... Typo in address blamed for millions of US military emails misdirected to Mali Cori Bush. Medication abortion a ‘lifeline’ ... .
... in India.""India was in lockdown, but then the Indian air force made sure that they collected from these different locations and flew all of them to Mali, delivering it. If this hadn't happened, then we wouldn't have been able to get our required essential medication," he said.
Her devastated elderly mother, Mali, called relatives to inform them of her death, which they put down to their relatives battle with liver cancer ... Though puzzled by her daughter's miraculous revival, Mali once again called the family, this time overjoyed as she shared the good news ... Mali said.